Injury Physical injury to the scrotum or testicle can cause pain right way, or it may cause slowly worsening pain and swelling later on as the scrotum fills with blood. (This is known as a hematocele hee-mat-oh-seel.) Sometimes treatment may be needed to stop the bleeding, but the problem may get better on its own. A testicular injury can be very painful, but it does not cause cancer. Infection Infections in the scrotal area are usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Epididymitis (ep-ih-did-ih-my-tis) is inflammation of the epididymis, the coiled tube next to each testicle that stores sperm. This can be caused by a sexually transmitted infection, but it can also be caused by other types of infection. Epididymitis can cause: pain and swelling on one side of the scrotum. The pain tends to come on slowly, and it may spread to the side or back.
Do i have testicular Cancer?
Headaches or confusion from cancer spread to the brain. Non-cancer causes of testicular or scrotal symptoms Problems other than cancer can also cause symptoms. Because its hard to figure out the cause based on symptoms alone, its important to have any testicular or scrotal change checked by a health care provider. Some of the conditions that can cause a testicle lump, swelling, and/or pain include: Torsion of the testicle Injury Infection Hydrocele varicocele Epididymal cyst/spermatocele Inguinal hernia kidney stones Torsion of the testicle In testicular torsion (tor-shun one of the testicles gets twisted inside the scrotum. This cuts carbonara off the blood supply to the testicle, epididymis, and other structures, leading to sudden, severe pain in the scrotum along with swelling and redness. It can also cause belly pain or nausea and vomiting. Testicular torsion occurs most often in teen boys, but may occur later in life. Its often diagnosed using ultrasound of the testicle/scrotum. Torsion is a medical emergency that needs to be treated right away. Surgery is needed to untwist the testicle, which restores the blood supply. If the torsion isnt treated within several hours, the testicle can die and will have to be removed.
To ieper form the penis, vagina, and other sex organs, the embryo is endowed with other all-purpose sexual structures besides the primordial gonad. However, unlike the case of the testes, the development of these structures is not directly specified by the y chromosome. Instead, these structures are channeled toward male organs by secretions of the testes themselves, while a lack of testicular secretions channels them toward female organs. For example, in the eighth week of gestation the testes begin producing the hormone testosterone, some of which gets converted into the closely related substance dihydrotestosterone, or dht. Such hormones are called androgens. Dht goes on to convert some all-purpose embryonic structures into the glans penis, penis shaft, and scrotum. Those same structures would otherwise develop into their female equivalents: the clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora. Embryos also start out with two sets of ducts, known as the müllerian ducts and the wolffian ducts.
Thus the natural tendency of our primordial gonad is to develop as an ovary if nothing intervenes; something special-a y chromosome-is required to change it into a testis. Its tempting to restate this simple fact in emotionally loaded terms. As developmental biologist Alfred Jost put it, becoming a male is a prolonged, uneasy, and risky venture; it is a kind of struggle against inherent trends toward femaleness. Chauvinists might hail becoming a man as heroic, and becoming a woman as the easy fallback position. Conversely, one might regard womanhood as the natural state of humanity, with men just a pathological aberration that regrettably must be tolerated as the price for making more women. I prefer merely to acknowledge that a y chromosome switches gonad development from the ovarian path to the testicular path, and to draw no metaphysical conclusions. But theres more to a man than testes alone. A penis is among the many other obvious necessities, just as women need more than ovaries-for example, it helps to have a vagina.
Orchiopexy - procedure, test, blood, pain, adults, time
How could the mechanisms that determine something so fundamental go so wrong? Ultimately, of course, our gender is laid down by our genes, which are bundled together in each cell in 23 pairs of microscopic packages called chromosomes. The 23 human chromosome pairs can be numbered and patienten distinguished from one another by consistent differences in appearance. For chromosomes 1 through 22, the two members of the pair appear identical. Only in the case of chromosome 23, the sex chromosome, do the two representatives differ, and even then only in men, whose twenty-third chromosomes are of unequal sizes: a larger X chromosome paired with a smaller Y chromosome.
Women have two paired X chromosomes instead. What do the sex chromosomes do? Many x chromosome genes specify traits unrelated to sex, such as the ability to distinguish red and green. However, the y chromosome contains genes specifying the development of testes. Between the fifth and seventh week after fertilization, human embryos of either sex develop an all-purpose gonad that can later become either a testis or an ovary. If a y chromosome is present, that all-purpose gonad will begin to commit itself by the eighth week to becoming a testis. But if theres no y chromosome, it waits until the thirteenth week and then begins developing as an ovary.
Its as close as any of our children might come to the nightmare experienced by Gregor Samsa, of Franz kafkas terrifying story metamorphosis, who wakes up one morning to find himself transformed into a human-size insect. The vast majority of us are born unmistakably male or female and remain that way throughout life. We have all the sexual parts appropriate to a single gender, with no discordant pieces. It is very rare indeed that you find among humans true hermaphrodites-individuals possessing both male and female gonads. However, there are some unfortunate individuals called pseudohermaphrodites, whose sex presents an ambiguous appearance. At the births of thousands of babies each year in the United States, the obstetrician cant pronounce, its a girl!
Or Its a boy! But must confess, Im not sure what. Like barbara, some appear to be born as girls but develop as boys at puberty. Some have a vagina and female external organs but lack such internal organs as ovaries and fallopian tubes; instead, they have certain male internal organs, like seminal vesicles, as well as testes hidden up in the body. Most of these walking mosaics of sex manage to survive this adversity: indeed, their stories are moving testimony to humans ability to cope with the injustice that can be dealt out by nature. But their stories are also instructive, for they shed light on a number of basic questions that concern all. Foremost among them are the questions: What actually determines our gender?
Signs and Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
By now she had become convinced that she was really a boy and that the mysteriously arterial shifting mass within her was in actuality a testis. But Barbara still struggled with the problem of how to present herself to her parents and friends, before kolvers whom she avoided being caught naked. She knew they had to suspect something. When they found out, would they ridicule her-or him-as a freak? Gender constitutes the most fundamental distinction we make among ourselves, the first question we ask when a baby is born. It establishes two radically contrasting possibilities and determines how we view ourselves and how other people view. In almost all cultures it also establishes a division between contrasting economic and social roles. To find ones gender ambiguous or shifting is as cruel a blow as could befall ones ego.
Barbara grew up as an apparently normal girl enjoying a happy childhood. As her teenage years approached, she looked forward to experiencing the same sexual development she saw in older girls. Gradually, however, she began to have a vague sense that the expected changes werent happening cholesterol in her. By the age of 14 she was really worried: she had not yet menstruated and her breasts showed no signs of growth. What she did have was a pain in her left groin that eventually subsided, only to be replaced by the appearance of a mass in the left side of her labia. With growing shock, she felt her voice dropping, her facial hair growing, and her clitoris enlarging to become more and more like a penis. After Barbaras sixteenth birthday, her penis developed erections, she produced ejaculations, and she found herself feeling a sexual interest in girls.
loss of sexual desire. Signs of early puberty in boys: Some testicular cancers make male sex hormones. This may not cause any specific symptoms in men, but in boys it can cause signs of puberty, such as a deepening of the voice and the growth of facial and body hair, at an early age. Symptoms of testicular cancer that has spread If testicular cancer is not found early, it can spread to other parts of the body. Even when testicular cancer has spread, there may still be no symptoms. But some men might have some of the following: Low back pain from cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes in back of the belly. (Lymph nodes are bean-sized collections of immune cells.) Shortness of breath, chest pain, or a cough (even coughing up blood) from cancer spread in the lungs. Belly pain, either from enlarged lymph nodes, or because the cancer has spread to the liver.
The risk of dying from this cancer is analvenenthrombose about 1 in 5,000. Testicular cancer can be treated and usually cured, especially when its found early when its small and hasnt spread. For more detailed information, see, testicular. Symptoms of testicular cancer, you cant be sure you have testicular cancer from just symptoms, so its important to see a health care provider about any testicular symptoms that concern you. The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a painless lump on or in a testicle. Sometimes the testicle may become swollen or larger, without a lump. (Its normal for one testicle to be slightly larger than the other, and for one to hang lower than the other.). Some testicular tumors might cause pain, but most of the time they dont. Men with testicular cancer may also have a heavy or aching feeling in the lower belly or scrotum.
Male sexual Organs
Testicles have 2 main functions: They make male hormones, like testosterone. They make sperm, the male cells needed to jan fertilize a females egg to start a pregnancy. Sperm cells form inside the testicle and are then stored in the epididymis (ep-ih-did-uh-mus a small coiled tube behind each testicle, where they mature. When a man ejaculates ( has an orgasm sperm cells travel from the epididymis through the vas deferens (vass def-er-ens) to the seminal vesicles (sim-uh-nul ves-ih-kuls where they mix with fluids made by the vesicles, the prostate gland, and other glands to form semen. This fluid then travels through the urethra (yoo-ree-thruh) and out through the penis. Testicular cancer facts, males of any age can develop testicular cancer, including infants and elderly men. About half of all cases of testicular cancer are in men between the ages of 20 and. Testicular cancer is not common; a mans lifetime chance of getting it is about 1 in 263.